Vegetation Products Derived from Fengyun-3D Medium Resolution Spectral Imager-II


  • The surface vegetation condition has been operationally monitored from space for many years by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments. As these instruments are close to the end of their design life, the surface vegetation products are required by many users from the new satellite missions. The MEdium Resolution Spectral Imager-II (MERSI-II) onboard the Fengyun (FY) satellite (FY-3 series; FY-3D) is used to retrieve surface vegetation parameters. First, MERSI-II solar channel measurements at the red and near-infrared (NIR) bands at the top of atmosphere (TOA) are corrected to the surface reflectances at the top of canopy (TOC) by removing the contributions of scattering and absorption of molecules and aerosols. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) at both the TOA and TOC is then produced by using the same algorithms as the MODIS and AVHRR. The MERSI-II enhanced VI (EVI) at the TOC is also developed. The MODIS technique of compositing the NDVI at various timescales is applied to MERSI-II to generate the gridded products at different resolutions. The MERSI-II VI products are consistent with the MODIS data without systematic biases. Compared to the current MERSI-II EVI generated from the ground operational system, the MERSI-II EVI from this study has a much better agreement with MODIS after atmospheric correction.
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