Mean Structure of Tropical Cyclones Making Landfall in Mainland China

+ Author Affiliations + Find other works by these authors
  • Funds:

    Supported by the National Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2009CB421500), National Natural Science Foundation of China (40730948, 40921160381, 41275057, 41275067, and 41305049), and China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201006008 and GYHY200906002).

  • doi: 10.1007/s13351-014-3060-4

PDF

  • The mean kinematic and thermodynamic structures of tropical cyclones (TCs) making landfall in main- land China are examined by using sounding data from 1998 to 2009. It is found that TC landfall is usually accompanied with a decrease in low-level wind speed, an expansion of the radius of strong wind, weakening of the upper-level warm core, and drying of the mid-tropospheric air. On average, the warm core of the TCs dissipates 24 h after landfall. The height of the maximum low-level wind and the base of the stable layer both increase with the increased distance to the TC center; however, the former is always higher than the latter. In particular, an asymmetric structure of the TC after landfall is found. The kinematic and thermodynamic structures across various areas of TC circulation differ, especially over the left-front and right-rear quadrants (relative to the direction of TC motion). In the left-front quadrant, strong winds locate at a smaller radius, the upper-level temperature is warmer with the warm core extending into a deep layer, while the wet air occupies a shallow layer. In the right-rear quadrant, strong wind and wet air dwell in an area that is broader and deeper, and the warmest air is situated farther away from the TC center.
  • 加载中
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Mean Structure of Tropical Cyclones Making Landfall in Mainland China

  • 1. Laboratory of Typhoon Forecast Technique,Shanghai Typhoon Institute,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Shanghai 200030;
    Laboratory of Typhoon Forecast Technique,Shanghai Typhoon Institute,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Shanghai 200030;
    National Meteorological Center,CMA,Beijing 100081;
    Key Laboratory of Mesoscale Severe Weather of Ministry of Education,Nanjing University,Nanjing 211102
Funds: Supported by the National Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2009CB421500), National Natural Science Foundation of China (40730948, 40921160381, 41275057, 41275067, and 41305049), and China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201006008 and GYHY200906002).

Abstract: The mean kinematic and thermodynamic structures of tropical cyclones (TCs) making landfall in main- land China are examined by using sounding data from 1998 to 2009. It is found that TC landfall is usually accompanied with a decrease in low-level wind speed, an expansion of the radius of strong wind, weakening of the upper-level warm core, and drying of the mid-tropospheric air. On average, the warm core of the TCs dissipates 24 h after landfall. The height of the maximum low-level wind and the base of the stable layer both increase with the increased distance to the TC center; however, the former is always higher than the latter. In particular, an asymmetric structure of the TC after landfall is found. The kinematic and thermodynamic structures across various areas of TC circulation differ, especially over the left-front and right-rear quadrants (relative to the direction of TC motion). In the left-front quadrant, strong winds locate at a smaller radius, the upper-level temperature is warmer with the warm core extending into a deep layer, while the wet air occupies a shallow layer. In the right-rear quadrant, strong wind and wet air dwell in an area that is broader and deeper, and the warmest air is situated farther away from the TC center.

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return