[1] Chen, Z., and S. Yang, 2014: Homogenization and analysis of China radiosonde temperature data from 1979 to 2012. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 72, 794–804. (in Chinese) doi: 10.11676/qxxb2014.046
[2] Dai, A. G., J. H. Wang, P. W. Thorne, et al., 2011: A new approach to homogenize daily radiosonde humidity data. J. Climate, 24, 965–991. doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3816.1
[3] Della-Marta, P. M., and H. Wanner, 2006: A method of homogenizing the extremes and mean of daily temperature measurements. J. Climate, 19, 4179–4197. doi: 10.1175/JCLI3855.1
[4] Easterling, D. R., and T. C. Peterson, 1995: A new method for detecting undocumented discontinuities in climatological time series. Int. J. Climatol., 15, 369–377. doi: 10.1002/joc.3370150403
[5] Free, M., and D. J. Seidel, 2005: Causes of differing temperature trends in radiosonde upper air data sets. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 110, D07101. doi: 10.1029/2004JD005481
[6] Gaffen, D. J., 1994: Temporal inhomogeneities in radiosonde temperature records. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 99, 3667–3676. doi: 10.1029/93JD03179
[7] Guo, Y. J., and Y. H. Ding, 2009: Long-term free-atmosphere temperature trends in China derived from homogenized in situ radiosonde temperature series. J. Climate, 22, 1037–1051. doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2480.1
[8] Guo, Y. J., and Y. H. Ding, 2010: Impacts of reference time series on the homogenization of radiosonde temperature. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 28, 1011–1022. doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-9211-3
[9] Guo, Y. J., Q. X. Li, and Y. H. Ding, 2009: The effect of artificial bias on free air temperature trend derived from historical radiosonde data in China. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 1309–1318. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2009.06.16
[10] Haimberger, L., 2007: Homogenization of radiosonde temperature time series using innovation statistics. J. Climate, 20, 1377–1403. doi: 10.1175/JCLI4050.1
[11] Haimberger, L., C. Tavolato, and S. Sperka, 2012: Homogenization of the global radiosonde temperature dataset through combined comparison with reanalysis background series and neighboring stations. J. Climate, 25, 8108–8131. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00668.1
[12] Houghton, J. T., Y. H. Ding, D. J. Griggs, et al., 2001: Climate Change 2011: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 881 pp.
[13] Jones, P. D., and A. Moberg, 2003: Hemispheric and large-scale surface air temperature variations: An extensive revision and an update to 2001. J. Climate, 16, 206–223. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<0206:HALSSA>2.0.CO;2
[14] Lanzante, J. R., S. A. Klein, and D. J. Seidel, 2003: Temporal homogenization of monthly radiosonde temperature data. Part I: Methodology. J. Climate, 16, 224–240. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<0224:THOMRT>2.0.CO;2
[15] Luers, J. K., and R. E. Eskridge, 1998: Use of radiosonde temperature data in climate studies. J. Climate, 11, 1002–1019. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<1002:UORTDI>2.0.CO;2
[16] Ramella Pralungo, L., L. Haimberger, A. Stickler, et al., 2014: A global radiosonde and tracked balloon archive on 16 pressure levels (GRASP) back to 1905 - Part 1: Merging and interpolation to 00:00 and 12:00 GMT. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 185–200. doi: 10.5194/essd-6-185-2014
[17] Sherwood, S. C., J. R. Lanzante, and C. L. Meyer, 2005: Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming. Science, 309, 1556–1559. doi: 10.1126/science.1115640
[18] Thorne, P. W., P. D. Jones, T. J. Osborn, et al., 2002: Assessing the robustness of zonal mean climate change detection. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 1920. doi: 10.1029/2002GL015717
[19] Trewin, B. C., and A. C. F. Trevitt, 1996: The development of composite temperature records. Int. J. Climatol., 16, 1227–1242. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199611)16:11<1227::AID-JOC82>3.0.CO;2-P
[20] Vincent, L. A., X. L. Wang, E. J. Milewska, et al., 2012: A second generation of homogenized Canadian monthly surface air temperature for climate trend analysis. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 117, D18110. doi: 10.1029/2012JD017859
[21] Wang, X. L., 2008: Penalized maximal F test for detecting undocumented mean shift without trend change. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25, 368–384. doi: 10.1175/2007JTECHA982.1
[22] Wang, X. L., and Y. Feng, 2010: RHtestsV3 User Manual. Climate Research Division, Atmospheric Science and Technology Directorate, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 26 pp.
[23] Wang, X. L., Q. H. Wen, and Y. H. Wu, 2007: Penalized maximal t test for detecting undocumented mean change in climate data series. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 46, 916–931. doi: 10.1175/JAM2504.1
[24] Wang, X. L., H. F. Chen, Y. H. Wu, et al., 2010: New techniques for the detection and adjustment of shifts in daily precipitation data series. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49, 2416–2436. doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2376.1
[25] Wang, X. L., Y. Feng, and L. A. Vincent, 2014: Observed changes in one-in-20 year extremes of Canadian surface air temperatures. Atmos.–Ocean, 52, 222–231. doi: 10.1080/07055900.2013.818526
[26] Xu, W. H., Q. X. Li, X. L. Wang, et al., 2013: Homogenization of Chinese daily surface air temperatures and analysis of trends in the extreme temperature indices. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 9708–9720. doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50791
[27] Zhai, P. M., 1997: Some gross errors and biases in China’s historical radiosonde data. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 55, 563–572. (in Chinese) doi: 10.11676/qxxb1997.055
[28] Zhai, P. M., and R. E. Eskridge, 1996: Analyses of inhomogeneities in radiosonde temperature and humidity time series. J. Climate, 9, 884–894. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0884:AOIIRT>2.0.CO;2