Recent Advance in Understanding the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation

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  • Funds:

    Supported by the United States National Science Foundation (AGS-1106536) and Office of Naval Research (N00014-1210450), China National Natural Science Foundation (41375095), and China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201306032). This is SOEST contribution number 9066 and IPRC contribution number 1040.

  • doi: 10.1007/s13351-014-3087-6

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  • The Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is a dominant atmospheric low-frequency mode in the tropics. In this review article, recent progress in understanding the MJO dynamics is described. Firstly, the fundamental physical processes responsible for MJO eastward phase propagation are discussed. Next, a recent modeling result to address why MJO prefers a planetary zonal scale is presented. The effect of the seasonal mean state on distinctive propagation characteristics between northern winter and summer is discussed in a theoretical framework. Then, the observed precursor signals and the physical mechanism of MJO initiation in the western equatorial Indian Ocean are further discussed. Finally, scale interactions between MJO and higher-frequency eddies are delineated.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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Recent Advance in Understanding the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation

  • 1. International Pacific Research Center and Department of Meteorology,School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology,University of Hawaii at Manoa,Honolulu,Hawaii 96822,USA;
    Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster and College of Atmospheric Science,Nanjing University ofInformation Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044,China
Funds: Supported by the United States National Science Foundation (AGS-1106536) and Office of Naval Research (N00014-1210450), China National Natural Science Foundation (41375095), and China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201306032). This is SOEST contribution number 9066 and IPRC contribution number 1040.

Abstract: The Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is a dominant atmospheric low-frequency mode in the tropics. In this review article, recent progress in understanding the MJO dynamics is described. Firstly, the fundamental physical processes responsible for MJO eastward phase propagation are discussed. Next, a recent modeling result to address why MJO prefers a planetary zonal scale is presented. The effect of the seasonal mean state on distinctive propagation characteristics between northern winter and summer is discussed in a theoretical framework. Then, the observed precursor signals and the physical mechanism of MJO initiation in the western equatorial Indian Ocean are further discussed. Finally, scale interactions between MJO and higher-frequency eddies are delineated.

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