An Overview of BCC Climate System Model Development and Application for Climate Change Studies

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  • Funds:

    Supported by the National (Key) Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2010CB951902) and China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201306020).

  • doi: 10.1007/s13351-014-3041-7

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通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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An Overview of BCC Climate System Model Development and Application for Climate Change Studies

  • 1. National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Meteorological Information Center,CMA,Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China;
    Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique,Paris 75005,France5 National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center,Beijing 100081,China;
    National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration (CMA),Beijing 100081,China
Funds: Supported by the National (Key) Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2010CB951902) and China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201306020).

Abstract: This paper reviews recent progress in the development of the Beijing Climate Center Climate System Model (BCC_CSM) and its four component models (atmosphere, land surface, ocean, and sea ice). Two recent versions are described: BCC_CSM1.1 with coarse resolution (approximately 2.8125 2.8125) and BCC_CSM1.1(m) with moderate resolution (approximately 1.1251.125). Both versions are fully cou-pled climate-carbon cycle models that simulate the global terrestrial and oceanic carbon cycles and include dynamic vegetation. Both models well simulate the concentration and temporal evolution of atmospheric CO2 during the 20th century with anthropogenic CO2 emissions prescribed. Simulations using these two versions of the BCC_CSM model have been contributed to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase five (CMIP5) in support of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). These simulations are available for use by both national and international communities for investigating global climate change and for future climate projections. Simulations of the 20th century climate using BCC_CSM1.1 and BCC_CSM1.1(m) are presented and validated, with particular focus on the spatial pattern and seasonal evolution of precipitation and surface air temperature on global and continental scales. Simulations of climate during the last millennium and projections of climate change during the next century are also presented and discussed. Both BCC_CSM1.1 and BCC_CSM1.1(m) perform well when compared with other CMIP5 models. Preliminary analyses in-dicate that the higher resolution in BCC_CSM1.1(m) improves the simulation of mean climate relative to BCC_CSM1.1, particularly on regional scales.

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