A LABORATORY INVESTIGATION OF CHARACTERISTICS OF TORNADO-LIKE VORTICES OVER VARIOUS ROUGH SURFACES

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  • In this paper,the effects of surface roughness on tornado-like vortices are studied in the laboratory for simulating tornado vortex at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute,Kyoto University,Japan.In the experiments,the distribution of the horizontal wind speed and direction at five different heights were measured with a hot-wire anemometer and a mini-vane.The characteristics of wind speed and direction distribution for the tornado vortex on the various rough surfaces were first revealed with the simulative method in laboratory.By changing the swirl ratio (S=tanθ/2a) of simulation device,it is found that,the size of tornado-like vortex core will become almost identical,as the swirl ratio S exceeds a certain value (S1.5).The experimental results can be used not only to explain the observed facts in the atmosphere but also to provide the experimental bases for some theoretical studies.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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A LABORATORY INVESTIGATION OF CHARACTERISTICS OF TORNADO-LIKE VORTICES OVER VARIOUS ROUGH SURFACES

  • 1. Disaster Prevention Research Institute,Kyoto University,Kyoto,Japan;
    Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Academia Sinica,Beijing

Abstract: In this paper,the effects of surface roughness on tornado-like vortices are studied in the laboratory for simulating tornado vortex at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute,Kyoto University,Japan.In the experiments,the distribution of the horizontal wind speed and direction at five different heights were measured with a hot-wire anemometer and a mini-vane.The characteristics of wind speed and direction distribution for the tornado vortex on the various rough surfaces were first revealed with the simulative method in laboratory.By changing the swirl ratio (S=tanθ/2a) of simulation device,it is found that,the size of tornado-like vortex core will become almost identical,as the swirl ratio S exceeds a certain value (S1.5).The experimental results can be used not only to explain the observed facts in the atmosphere but also to provide the experimental bases for some theoretical studies.

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