Application of Nonlinear Balance Scheme in Three-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation


  • The dynamical constrains in three-dimensional variational data assimilation are discussed when considering the impact of stream divergence and convergence on the pressure and wind fields. For the analysis of severe tropical cyclone, frontal structures, and other rapidly changing structures, the geostrophic balance and linear balance cannot properly represent the relationship between wind and pressure fields. However, the nonlinear balance incremental equation takes into account the information of flow-dependent background,and makes response to the flow-dependent background covariance in the 3D-Var system. Results indicate that the application of the nonlinear balance equation to 3D-Var system improves the quality of severe tropical cyclone assimilation system, which has some positive effects on intensity prediction of tropical cyclones.
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