The First Observed Cloud Echoes and Microphysical Parameter Retrievals by China's 94-GHz Cloud Radar

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  • Funds:

    Supported by China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201206038, GYHY200906053, and GYHY201306040), National (Key) Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2013CB430102), National High Technology Research and Development Program (863) of China (2007AA061901), Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China (10KJA170030), State Key Laboratory Program (2013LASW-B16), Nanjing Weather Radar Open Laboratory Research Fund (BJG201208), Key Technology Projects of China Meteorological Bureau (CMAGJ2014M21), Young Scientists Fund of the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK2012466), Postgraduate Science and Technology Innovation Project of Jiangsu Province (CXZZ13- 0513), Non-Profit Industry Fund by Ministry of Science and Technology of China and Ministry of Water Resources (201201063), and Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41305031).

  • doi: 10.1007/s13351-014-3083-x

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  • By using the cloud echoes first successfully observed by China's indigenous 94-GHz SKY cloud radar, the macrostructure and microphysical properties of drizzling stratocumulus clouds in Anhui Province on 8 June 2013 are analyzed, and the detection capability of this cloud radar is discussed. The results are as follows. (1) The cloud radar is able to observe the time-varying macroscopic and microphysical parameters of clouds, and it can reveal the microscopic structure and small-scale changes of clouds. (2) The velocity spectral width of cloud droplets is small, but the spectral width of the cloud containing both cloud droplets and drizzle is large. When the spectral width is more than 0.4 m s-1, the radar reflectivity factor is larger (over -10 dBZ).(3) The radar's sensitivity is comparatively higher because the minimum radar reflectivity factor is about-35 dBZ in this experiment, which exceeds the threshold for detecting the linear depolarized ratio (LDR) of stratocumulus (commonly -11 to -14 dBZ; decreases with increasing turbulence). (4) After distinguishing of cloud droplets from drizzle, cloud liquid water content and particle effective radius are retrieved. The liquid water content of drizzle is lower than that of cloud droplets at the same radar reflectivity factor.
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The First Observed Cloud Echoes and Microphysical Parameter Retrievals by China's 94-GHz Cloud Radar

  • 1. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    School of Electronic &Information Engineering,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044;
    Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration,Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology,Nanjing 210044
Funds: Supported by China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201206038, GYHY200906053, and GYHY201306040), National (Key) Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2013CB430102), National High Technology Research and Development Program (863) of China (2007AA061901), Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China (10KJA170030), State Key Laboratory Program (2013LASW-B16), Nanjing Weather Radar Open Laboratory Research Fund (BJG201208), Key Technology Projects of China Meteorological Bureau (CMAGJ2014M21), Young Scientists Fund of the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK2012466), Postgraduate Science and Technology Innovation Project of Jiangsu Province (CXZZ13- 0513), Non-Profit Industry Fund by Ministry of Science and Technology of China and Ministry of Water Resources (201201063), and Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41305031).

Abstract: By using the cloud echoes first successfully observed by China's indigenous 94-GHz SKY cloud radar, the macrostructure and microphysical properties of drizzling stratocumulus clouds in Anhui Province on 8 June 2013 are analyzed, and the detection capability of this cloud radar is discussed. The results are as follows. (1) The cloud radar is able to observe the time-varying macroscopic and microphysical parameters of clouds, and it can reveal the microscopic structure and small-scale changes of clouds. (2) The velocity spectral width of cloud droplets is small, but the spectral width of the cloud containing both cloud droplets and drizzle is large. When the spectral width is more than 0.4 m s-1, the radar reflectivity factor is larger (over -10 dBZ).(3) The radar's sensitivity is comparatively higher because the minimum radar reflectivity factor is about-35 dBZ in this experiment, which exceeds the threshold for detecting the linear depolarized ratio (LDR) of stratocumulus (commonly -11 to -14 dBZ; decreases with increasing turbulence). (4) After distinguishing of cloud droplets from drizzle, cloud liquid water content and particle effective radius are retrieved. The liquid water content of drizzle is lower than that of cloud droplets at the same radar reflectivity factor.

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