[1] Ackerman, S. A., R. E. Holz, R. Frey, et al., 2008: Cloud detection with MODIS. Part II: Validation. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25, 1073–1086. doi: 10.1175/2007JTECHA1053.1
[2] Baumgartner, A., and E. Reichel, 1975: The World Water Balance. Elsevier, New York, 179 pp.
[3] Bengtsson, L., 2010: The global atmospheric water cycle. Environ. Res. Lett., 5, 025202. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/025202
[4] Cai, M., Y. Q. Zhou, C. Tan, et al., 2020: Quantifying the cloud water resource: Methods based on observation and numerical simulation. J. Meteor. Res., 34, 1256–1270. doi: 10.1007/s13351-020-9126-6
[5] Chen, Y. H., J. P. Huang, C. H. Chen, et al., 2005: Temporal and spatial distributions of cloud water resources over northwestern China. Plateau Meteor., 24, 905–912. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0534.2005.06.009
[6] China Encyclopedia General Committee, 1987: Encyclopedia of China: Atmospheric Science, Marine Science, and Hydrological Science. China Encyclopedia Publishing House, 923 pp.
[7] Clothiaux, E. E., T. P. Ackerman, G. G. Mace, et al., 2000: Objective determination of cloud heights and radar reflectivities using a combination of active remote sensors at the ARM CART sites. J. Appl. Meteor., 39, 645–665. doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<0645:ODOCHA>2.0.CO;2
[8] Hobbs, P. V., T. J. Matejka, P. H. Herzegh, et al., 1980a: The meso-scale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. I: A case study of a cold front. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 568–596. doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<0568:TMAMSA>2.0.CO;2
[9] Hobbs, P. V., M. K. Politovich, and L. F. Radke, 1980b: The structures of summer convective clouds in eastern Montana. I: Natural clouds. J. Appl. Meteor., 19, 645–663. doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(1980)019<0645:TSOSCC>2.0.CO;2
[10] Li, M., H. C. Jin, and Y. H. Chen, et al., 2015: The inter-annual variation of macro and micro physical properties of ice particles in the lower layer cloud water resources over Tianshan mountains. J. Nat. Resour., 30, 696–702. (in Chinese) doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.04.015
[11] Li, X. Y., X. L. Guo, J. Zhu, et al., 2008: Climatic distribution features and trends of cloud water resources over China. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 1094–1106. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2008.05.09
[12] Mason, B. J., 1971: The Physics of Clouds. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 688 pp.
[13] Peng, K. J., Y. H. Chen, W. C. Wang, et al., 2010: Characteristics of spatial and temporal distribution of lower layer cloud water resources in Xinjiang mountain regions. Adv. Water Sci., 21, 653–658. (in Chinese) doi: 10.14042/j.cnki.32.1309.2010.05.002
[14] Pruppacher, H. R., and J. D. Klett, 1978: Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation. Springer, Dordrecht Hollands, 976 pp, doi: 10.1007/978-94-009-9905-3.
[15] Ramanathan, V., R. D. Cess, E. F. Harrison, et al., 1989: Cloud–radiative forcing and climate: Results from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment. Science., 243, 57–63. doi: 10.1126/science.243.4887.57
[16] Rossow, W. B., and R. A. Schiffer, 1991: ISCCP cloud data products. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 2–20. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1991)072<0002:ICDP>2.0.CO;2
[17] Scorer, R., 1972: Cloud of the World. Lothian Publ, Melbourne, Australia, 236 pp.
[18] Stephens, G. L., D. G. Vane, S. Tanelli, et al., 2008: CloudSat mission: Performance and early science after the first year of operation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 113, D00A18. doi: 10.1029/2008jd009982
[19] Sui, C. H., X. F. Li, M. J. Yang, et al., 2005: Estimation of oceanic precipitation efficiency in cloud models. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 4358–4370. doi: 10.1175/JAS3587.1
[20] Sui, C. H., X. F. Li, and M. J. Yang, 2007: On the definition of precipitation efficiency. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 4506–4513. doi: 10.1175/2007JAS2332.1
[21] Tao, Y., J. X. Li., and J. Dang, 2015: A numerical study on precipitation process and moisture budget of stratiform and embedded convective cloud over Beijing area. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 445–460. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1412.13209
[22] Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Evaluation of the global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. J. Climate, 8, 2255–2280. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<2255:EOTGAM>2.0.CO;2
[23] Wang, D. H., J. F. Yin, G. Q. Zhai, et al., 2015: In-situ measurements of cloud–percipitation microphysics in the East Asian monsoon region since 1960. J. Meteor. Res., 29, 155–179. doi: 10.1007/s13351-015-3235-7
[24] Wang, H. Q., Y. H. Chen, K. J. Peng, et al., 2011: Study on cloud water resources of mountain ranges in Xinjiang based on Aqua satellite data. J. Nat. Resour., 26, 89–96. (in Chinese) doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.01.009
[25] Xi, B. K., X. Q. Dong, P. Minnis, et al., 2010: Correction to “A 10 year climatology of cloud fraction and vertical distribution derived from both surface and GOES observations over the DOE ARM SPG site”. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 115, D19199. doi: 10.1029/2010JD014851
[26] Young, D. F., T. Wong, B. A. Wielicki, et al., 1997: Time Interpolation and Synoptic Flux Computation for Single and Multiple Satellites (Subsystem 7.0), Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents. Available at http://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/documents/ATBD/pdf/r2_2/ceres-atbd2.2-s7.0.pdf, 3–25. Accessed on 20 November 2020.
[27] Zhang, D. L., J. P. Huang, Y. Z. Liu, et al., 2012: Analysis on temporal and spatial variations for cloud radiation forcing over Qinghai–Xizang Plateau using CERES (SYN) data. Plateau Meteor., 31, 1192–1202. (in Chinese)
[28] Zhang, J., Q. Zhang, W. Tian, et al., 2006: Remote sensing retrie-val and analysis of optical character of cloud in Qilian mountains. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 28, 722–727. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0240.2006.05.015
[29] Zhang, X. W., 2002: Water content of cloud and its water circulation. Adv. Water Sci., 13, 83–86. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-6791.2002.01.015
[30] Zhao, C. F., S. C. Xie, S. A. Klein, et al., 2012: Toward understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM groud-based measurements. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 117, D10206. doi: 10.1029/2011JD016792
[31] Zheng, G. G., and X. L. Guo, 2012: Status and development of sciences and technology for weather modification. Eng. Sci., 14, 20–27. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1742.2012.09.003
[32] Zhou, D. P., F. J. Gong, S. J. Zhang, et al., 2005: Study on the distribution characteristics and developing potential of cloud water resource in Liaoning Province. J. Nat. Resour., 20, 644–650. (in Chinese) doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2005.05.002
[33] Zhou, F. F., Y. C. Hong, and Z. Zhao, 2010: A numerical study of the moisture budget and the mechanism for precipitation for a stratiform cloud. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 68, 182–194. (in Chinese) doi: 10.11676/qxxb2010.019
[34] Zhou, Y. Q., and S. H. Zhao, 2008: CloudSat satellite and its application in weather and cloud observation. J. Nanjing Inst. Meteor., 31, 603–614. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7097.2008.05.001